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INFORMATION ON SEXUAL TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS (STI's)
Common signs of STIs include; sores, blisters, rashes around the genitals, irritation and/or a burning sensation or pain when one urinates, genital itchiness, Discharge from the genitals, lower abdominal and pelvic pain.
One can only be certain they have an STI after getting screened in a clinic/hospital. In the case the test turns positive, ensure you complete the dose and take your partner(s) for screening.
Delaying first sexual intercourse, reducing the number of sexual partners, avoiding unprotected sex, and correct and consistent condom use reduces your risk of contracting an STI.
INFORMATION ON CONTRACEPTIVES
The most commonly used contraceptive methods are; Oral contraceptive pills, Injectable contraceptives, Hormonal implants, Intrauterine devices (IUDs), Male and Female Condoms and Emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs).
- Oral contraceptives must be taken daily to prevent pregnancy.
- Injectable contraceptives are given by injection, administered at different periods depending with the type.
- Hormonal implants are placed under the skin and lasts for 3 years to 5 years
- Intrauterine Devices commonly referred to as coil is placed in the uterus and can last for up 5 years.
- Condoms provide dual protection against both pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV when used correctly and consistently.
- Emergency Contraceptives or E-Pills are used in case of an emergency e.g. if the condom bursts or rape. They should be taken within 120 hours.
Contraceptives can be used by any sexually active Man (condoms) and woman of reproductive age who want to delay pregnancy. It’s important to visit a clinic before starting or changing a contraceptive method. You may also reach out to us from any of our platforms.
INFORMATION ON PREGNANCY AND MENSTRUATION
Early signs of pregnancy include; missed period, tenderness or tingling in the breasts. The only sure way of knowing you are pregnant is to go for a pregnancy test.
Antenatal care is given to an expectant mother to keep herself and her baby healthy. Delivery in an hospital is life-saving to your baby and yourself. Visit your nearest clinic for more information.
In case of pain during menses or cramps taking a warm bath or putting a warm heating pad on the lower abdomen or exercising can help ease the pain. In case of severe pain that can hinder your daily activities, you need to visit a healthcare provider.
What is a male condom?
A condom is a thin piece of rubbery material that fits over a man’s penis during sex. When used correctly, condoms prevent HIV, as well as pregnancy and most STIs.
The most popular and common type of condom is made from a thin latex (rubber).
How do condoms work?
Sexual fluids such as semen, vaginal fluids and blood can pass on HIV and STIs. A condom forms a barrier between these fluids and entry points into the body, such as a person’s:
- penis (urethra)
- mouth (especially if there are large open sores or bleeding gums)
Although a few STIs can also be passed on through skin-to-skin contact (for example genital warts), condoms still cut the risk of many of these infections.
When should I use a condom?
You can use a condom to protect yourself and your partner from HIV and STIs:
- during vaginal, anal and oral sex
- every time you have sex
- when sharing sex toys (put a new condom on for each partner)
Putting a condom on before any contact between the penis and a partner’s genital area or mouth minimizes risks to both of you.
How to put on a condom
You’ll find instructions on the condom packet, but here are a few simple steps:
- Check the date on the condom hasn’t passed. An out of date condom is more likely to break.
- Check the packet is in good condition and has a certification mark .This means it’s been tested and complies with safety standards.
- Open the packet carefully so you don’t rip or damage the condom. There's usually an arrow on the packet to guide you in the direction you should open it. Avoid using your teeth or scissors and be careful with sharp fingernails or jewellery.
- The penis needs to be erect before the condom is put on. Always put the condom on before the penis touches a woman or man’s genitals or mouth.
- Condoms come rolled up. Place one on top of the erect penis and pinch the teat at the end of the condom before you start to roll it down the penis. By doing this you’ll squeeze out any air bubbles and ensure there is room for the semen (cum).
- Roll the condom down to the base of the penis. If it's on correctly it will roll downwards easily. If you've started putting it on the wrong way or you’re not sure then take it off and try again. Even if the man hasn’t ejaculated (cum) there can still be semen on his penis (pre-cum), so it’s important to try again with a new condom.
How to remove a condom
- Only take the condom off when the penis has been withdrawn completely but while the penis is still erect. Most men lose their erection very soon after they cum so don’t wait around too long to pull out the penis from the vagina or anus, as this risks semen spilling out, or the condom slipping off.
- Always use a new condom if you have sex again, or if you’re going from anal to vaginal or oral sex. This is important because several different infections can be passed on from the anus to the vagina or mouth.[FM1]
Ten types of birth controls-