What is copper IUD?
A copper intrauterine device (IUD) is a small T-shaped plastic device covered in copper.
It is inserted into a woman’s uterus to prevent pregnancy. It prevents pregnancy for five to ten years.
The IUD has a string at the end that helps a woman check that the device is in place. It also makes removal easy
How does it work?
The copper IUD prevents pregnancy in 2 main ways:
- It slows down movement of sperm and prevents the sperm from reaching the egg.
- It affects the uterine lining in such a way that implantation is difficult
How effective is it?
The copper IUD is one of the most effective contraceptives available.
Is copper IUD safe
Many women use the copper IUD without any problems. But that isn’t true for everybody. Like every medication, the copper IUD carries some risk, and certain conditions might increase the probability of side effects.
It is therefore important to report every condition you have to your doctor. Let him or her evaluate whether the copper IUD is the right contraceptive for you.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of the copper IUD?
The copper IUD is very effective against pregnancy
Protection against pregnancy starts as soon as the copper IUD is put place
It contains no hormones
The copper IUD puts contraception fully in the hands of the woman.
Neither partner can feel the copper IUD
Once inserted you only have to think about it every five to ten years
Every month after her period, the woman needs to manually verify that the copper IUD is still in the right position
The copper IUD may cause temporary side effects such as cramping and increased menstrual bleeding
The copper IUD must be inserted and removed by a healthcare professional
The copper IUD might increase the risk of local infections for the first few weeks
Where can I get it?
You can get the copper IUD in private or public health clinics. Find a clinic near you in the clinic finder here (Link)
Does it offer STI protection?
The copper IUD doesn’t offer any protection against STIs.
If you have sex and want protection against STIs, always use a condom.
Also test for STIs at the beginning of the relationship.
Avoid changing partners frequently.