What is spermicide? 

Spermicide is a chemical product that comes in the form of cream, jelly, and foam. It kills sperm to prevent pregnancy. 

It can be used alone or together with other contraceptives such as the cervical cap, the diaphragm or the sponge

How does spermicide work?

Spermicide prevents pregnancy by creating a chemical barrier that either kills or paralyzes sperm. 

How is it used?

Spermicide is inserted at the end of the vaginal canal either manually or with an applicator. 

Generally, spermicides need to be applied at least 10 minutes before sex but no more than 30 minutes before sex.

It remains effective for about one hour. 

How effective is it?

If spermicide is used correctly, it is very effective in preventing pregnancy.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of spermicide?




Spermicide is easy to carry 

Spermicide doesn’t require medical visit or prescription 

Spermicide doesn’t affect the woman’s natural hormone levels

Prolonged use of spermicide can cause irritation to both partners

If spermicide is applied improperly or in excessive amounts, it can leak from the vagina.



Where can I get it?

You can get the spermicide in private or public health clinics. Find a clinic near you in the clinic finder here (Link)

Does it offer STI protection?


The spermicide doesn’t offer any protection against STIs. 

If you have sex and want protection against STIs, always use a condom.

Also test for STIs at the beginning of the relationship. 

Avoid changing partners frequently.

Did you learn something?

Frequently Asked Questions

Male Body

1 questions

See frequently asked questions on Male Body

All about contraceptives

2 questions

See frequently asked questions on All about contraceptives


2 questions

See frequently asked questions on Relationships

Top Topics

Let's Talk

Facts, tips, stories and common questions

Go to Forum