After a traumatic experience, such as experiencing an accident, it’s normal to feel frightened, sad, anxious, and disconnected.
But if the upset doesn’t fade, you may be suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
PTSD can develop immediately after someone experiences a disturbing event, or it can occur weeks, months or even years later.
Causes of post-traumatic stress disorder
Some of the causes of post-traumatic stress disorder include:
- Serious road accidents
- Violent personal assaults, such as sexual assault, mugging or robbery
- Serious health problems
- Childbirth experiences
Signs and symptoms of PTSD
Some of the symptoms of PTSD include:
- Re-experiencing the traumatic event through intrusive memories, flashbacks and nightmares
- Avoiding anything that reminds you of the traumatic event.
- Having sleep problems
- Having nightmares
- Having negative thoughts and moods changes such as feeling alone, difficulties concentrating or self-blame
What can I do to manage PTSD?
You can do the following to help you manage PTSD:
- Learn and read more about PTSD
- Stay away from drugs and alcohol
- Replace anxious thoughts with positive ones
- Learn how to relax
- Eat healthy and exercise
- Identify your triggers and try avoiding them
- Talk to a trusted friend, adult or family
- Seek help from a professional counsellor
- Do something fun or nice for yourself
- Spend time with people who make you feel safe and good about yourself
- Get enough sleep
- Don’t blame yourself.
- Work on improving your self-esteem
- Do the things you love
If you're worried that you have psychosis, it's important to seek help as soon as possible.